At the VDOE's T/TAC at VCU, our mission is to increase the capacities of school personnel and service providers to meet the behavioral needs of children and youth with disabilities.
Behavior always serves a purpose. It is an action that is observable and measurable, reactionary, and functional. Often our attempts to change student behavior fail because of our misunderstanding of the behavior and its underlying function.
Behavior can result as a reaction to numerous factors, such as:
- Outside influences
- The immediate surrounding environment
- Current or previous emotions being felt from previous interactions or experiences
- Current health status
Additionally, rapport and relationships play a significant role in how people respond in any given situation. Developing positive relationships with students and within the classroom and school often produces the largest effect on student behavior.
Understanding the importance of identifying how each of these factors play a role in the behavior being demonstrated is a key step in attempting to reshape behaviors.
Resources to assist in furthering your understanding of behavior are listed below:
- IRIS Module: Understanding Behavior
- Behavior Series from National Association of Special Education Teachers (NASET)
- University of Kentucky: Behavior Home Page
- ChildMind Institute
- Project Ideal - Basic Behavior Components
Behavior in an educational context
Behavior is an action that is observable and measurable, reactionary and functional — it serves a purpose.
The behaviors we choose to engage in result from numerous factors such as outside influences: the environment we are in at the time, emotions we may still be feeling from previous interactions or experiences, our current health, and any stress we are under.
Rapport and relationships with those around us often gauge the behaviors we choose to demonstrate, along with previous experiences and cultural expectations. Numerous factors are involved in shaping behaviors. Understanding the importance of identifying how each of these factors play a role in the behavior being demonstrated is a key step in attempting to reshape behaviors.
We know that different disabilities can impact how individuals communicate. This list serves as additional information to assist in understanding how disabilities may impact behavior.
Positive behavioral intervention and supports
Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports is an implementation framework that includes the selection and use of evidence-based practices along a multi-tiered continuum of academic, social, emotional and behavioral supports for all students.
The multi-tiered model includes:
- A decision-making process that considers data, outcomes, practices and systems.
- A continuum of selected, evidence-based practices matched to student need and cultural context. There are three levels of support along the continuum: Tier 1 (universal), Tier 2 (targeted) and Tier 3 (intensive).*
Are you having to deal with challenging behaviors in the classroom? What positive and preventive techniques can you utilize in the classroom? Resources on behavior best practices and research are provided below.
- VDOE Virginia Tiered Systems of Supports (VTSS)
- The Association for Positive Behavior Support (APBS)
- Council for Exceptional Children
- What works Clearinghouse (WWC)
- T/TAC Online
- Positive Behavior Intervention & Supports
- National PBIS Leadership Forum (recorded sessions)
- PBIS in the Classroom
- Classroom Management Tips
- Supporting and Responding to Behavior: Evidence-Based Classroom Strategies for Teachers
- Center on PBIS | Resource: Supporting and Responding to Behavior: Evidence-Based Classroom Strategies for Teachers
- Research-based Classroom Management Strategies from Edutopia
- The Key to Classroom Management from ASCD
- Classroom Behavior Management System from Iris
*OSEP National Technical Assistance Center on PBIS. (2018). Brief introduction and frequently asked questions about PBIS. Retrieved from pbis.org