Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports

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This statewide project provides training and information on conducting functional behavior assessment and developing behavior intervention plans. This project provides training and technical assistance to schools on the positive behavior intervention and support model. 

Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) of Virginia (formerly ESD) is an initiative of the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE). Responding to the need for research-validated positive behavioral intervention practices, T/TAC provides schools with professional development to implement a school-wide discipline programs in their settings. The multi-tiered model includes the following components:

  • Communicating to schools the basic tenets of a positive behavioral program;
  • Guiding the faculty to establish a common vision and school-wide expectations for student behavior;
  • Establishing consistent practices to encourage students to exhibit appropriate behavior throughout the school;
  • Collecting, summarizing, and interpreting school discipline data that are meaningful and consistent with each school's code of conduct;
  • Defining characteristics of student behaviors and identifying positive behavioral strategies for implementation in the schools; and
  • Evaluating behavioral interventions in the schools using discipline data.

Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) begins with the formation of a school-based team. Members of the team learn about components of the model during on-going regional workshops. Based on what they learned, the team guides its school through the process. Team members learn to become facilitators of the process and conduct activities that (a) demonstrate the need for a model in their school, and (b) ensure that the components of the model are research-based and implemented with integrity. Teams follow steps outlined in a resource manual which provides critical features of systemic change within schools as well as pragmatic steps needed for full implementation of the model.

VDOE provides support for this professional development initiative. For more information about the PBIS-VA initiative in this area, contact PBIS Regional Coach, Phyllis Haynes (804)827-9993  or plhaynes@vcu.edu.

Visit the state website for Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) of Virginia

Positive Behavioral Interventions & Support (PBIS) Resources


Image showing pyramid model of instructional and positive behavior supports. 80% of students at bottom of pyramid are sucessful with school wide interventions, 15%  receive specialized group systems, 5% individualized systems of support



Source: OSEP Technical Assistance Center on Positive Beha(2010) Implementation Blueprint and Self Assessment, Retrieved August 19, 2010  from http://www.pbis.org/pbis_resource_detail_page.aspx?Type=3&PBIS_ResourceID=216


SWPBS emphasizes a preventive perspective that is conceptualizes within a multi-tiered logic. Specifically, a three-tiered approach has been adopted (Lewis & Sugai, 1999; Sugai et al., 2000; Walker et al., 1996).

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